Ethics of the Midland & West of England Great Dane Club

All Members of the M&WEGDC undertake to abide by its general Code of Ethics


1. Will properly house, feed, water and exercise all dogs under their care and arrange for appropriate veterinary attention if and when required.

2. Will agree without reservation that any veterinary surgeon performing an operation on any of their dogs which alters the natural conformation of the animal, may report such operation to the Kennel Club.

3. Will agree that no healthy puppy will be culled. Puppies which may not conform to the Breed Standard should be placed in suitable homes.

4. Will abide by all aspects of the Animal Welfare Act.

5. Will not create demand for, nor supply, puppies that have been docked illegally.

6. Will agree not to breed from a dog or bitch which could be in any way harmful to the dog or to the breed.

7. Will not allow any of their dogs to roam at large or to cause a nuisance to neighbours or those carrying out official duties.

8. Will ensure that their dogs wear properly tagged collars and will be kept leashed or under effective control when away from home.

9. Will clean up after their dogs in public places or anywhere their dogs are being exhibited.

10. Will only sell dogs where there is a reasonable expectation of a happy and healthy life and will help with the re-homing of a dog if the initial circumstances change.

11. Will supply written details of all dietary requirements and give guidance concerning responsible ownership when placing dogs in a new home.

12. Will ensure that all relevant Kennel Club documents are provided to the new owner when selling or transferring a dog, and will agree, in writing, to forward any relevant documents at the earliest opportunity, if not immediately available.

13. Will not sell any dog to commercial dog wholesalers, retail pet dealers or directly or indirectly allow dogs to be given as a prize or donation in a competition of any kind. Will not sell by sale or auction Kennel Club registration certificates as standalone items (not accompanying a dog).

14. Will not knowingly misrepresent the characteristics of the breed nor falsely advertise dogs nor mislead any person regarding the health or quality of a dog.

15. Breach of these provisions may result in expulsion from Club membership, and/or disciplinary action by the Kennel Club and/or reporting to the relevant authorities for  legal action, as appropriate.

KC/GJ September 2008


As Approved by the Kennel Club



16. CLAUSE 2 of the Club Rules states one of the Objects of the Club as being the improvement of the breed. This document amplifies that statement by giving guidelines intended to assist Members in attaining this worthy objective, it also complements the Kennel Club’s General Code of Ethics, which is reproduced in full in Part 1.

17. In all matters affecting the breeding, health and fitness of a dog the professional advice of a qualified veterinary surgeon takes precedence over these guidelines.

18. Members may disagree in part with these guidelines because of their experience and the idiosyncrasies of their stock, nevertheless, they must remember that these guidelines have been adopted by a majority of Club Members and should give all clauses due consideration.

19. The title ETHICAL GUIDELINES implies a moral aspect. Clearly, the Club and every member of the Club has a moral duty to do everything possible to improve the breed. The Club wishes to discharge its duty without having to resort to the imposition of rules which it would find difficult to enforce.

20. The committee commends these guidelines to you and urges all Members to:-

a) Accept them in the spirit of which they are issued;

b) Abide by them as far as is humanly possible in support of Club Rule 2 and the betterment and welfare of the breed.

21. If you can work to the word and spirit of these guidelines then you will be a welcome member of the Club; the converse is also true.




22. "Members will, when breeding dogs, adopt as a minimum standard the principles, requirements and recommendations as embodied in the Kennel Club's Assured Breeder Scheme. It is strongly recommended that members who breed should apply to join the Scheme".

21a. Breeding should only take place for the betterment of the breed. To avoid matings which could be detrimental to the breed, members are advised to:-

• Spend at least 3 years in the breed before considering breeding

• Think and check carefully before allowing your Dane to be used for breeding

• Give extensive thought as to what is going to happen to the puppies you might be unable to sell

• Check prospective homes for puppies thoroughly and, ideally, check on the puppy’s welfare after sale

• Only established breeders should consider having bitches out on subcontract breeding terms when, ideally, it would be limited to no more than two

IF you are NOT prepared to do this………… DO NOT BREED!

23. SOUND STOCK. Owners should only breed from sound, healthy Danes, which are free from contagious diseases and are registered with the Kennel Club. Before starting a mating, the backgrounds of both Danes should be thoroughly investigated. No Dane that carries a serious hereditary defect adversely affecting the Dane’s well being should be used for breeding.

24. TIME OF FIRST MATING. A bitch should be allowed to have her first season naturally (that is to say without the use of any artificial preventatives such as Ovarid) before she is used for breeding. At the time of giving birth to a first litter of puppies, a bitch should ideally be at least 24 (twenty-four) months old and no older than 4 (four) years.

25. TIME BETWEEN MATINGS. No bitch should be bred from at consecutive seasons; at least one full season should elapse between matings and then only if the bitch is in good health. If, however, on veterinary surgeon’s advice a bitch is bred from on consecutive seasons, she should then be  rested.

26. TIME OF LAST MATING. Ideally no bitch over the age of 6.5 (six and a half) years should be used for breeding.

27. RECORDS. A breeder should keep accurate, colour coded pedigrees, stud details, breeding records and Kennel Club documentation.

28. FACILITIES. Breeding should not be attempted unless adequate facilities and personal attention is available. Advice from an established breeder and your veterinary surgeon should be sought before embarking on this serious matter.

29. ADVERTISING. Advertising must be honest and free of ambiguity. It must not be open to misrepresentation or fraudulent application.



29. BEFORE SELLING. Do everything you can to ensure that the prospective owners:-

• Really want a Great Dane and are aware of its adult size, appetite, housing needs and the costs involved

• Are aware of the Kennel Club’s General Code of Ethics

• Follow your advice on rearing.

30. AGE AT WHICH TO SELL A PUPPY. Ideally a puppy should not leave its breeder until it is 8/10 (eight/ten) weeks old.

DANES WITH OBVIOUS DEFECTS. No puppy which has any known defect, or which shows any definite departure from the Standard should be sold without the buyer being made fully aware of such defect or departure from the Standard and its possible consequences. Members should sell only puppies which to the best of their knowledge are in good health at the time of sale. When sold as a pet under these circumstances the breeders must then have the Kennel Club Registration Form 1 endorsed by the Kennel Club with any one of the following endorsements:-

• Progeny not eligible for Registration

• Not eligible for the issue of an Export Pedigree

31. This applies to puppies or adults. Clearly, no Dane with such defects should be used for breeding purposes.

32. PUPPY DIET SHEET and ADVICE. A full diet sheet from date of sale to maturity (18 months) should accompany each puppy when sold. If the new owner is not a knowledgeable Dane person, he/she should also be given details and advice on such matters as worming, exercise, training, showing and useful Dane books to read, together with the breeder’s telephone number and address of an experienced Dane person in their own area to whom they may go for help and advice.

33. SALE DOCUMENTATION. Full pedigree and confirmation of Kennel Club Registration should generally accompany all Danes sold.

34. PEDIGREES. All pedigrees must be correct, up to date and explicitly colour marked. Apart from Merle, which should be entered in full, suggested abbreviations for colour marking are as follows:-

F Fawn

BR Brindle

BL Blue

BK Black

H Harlequin

BLH Blue Harlequin

M Mantle



35. BREEDER'S RESPONSIBILITY. A breeder should take full responsibility for re-homing a Dane which he/she has sold, and which has subsequently become unwanted. It should be impressed on the person buying a Dane that the breeder is the first one to be informed if they have problems with the Dane or are no longer able to cope with it.

36. GENERAL. All members of the Midland and West of England Great Dane Club shall conduct themselves in such a way as to reflect credit on the ownership of dogs. They must treat all dogs with such kindness and consideration as to ensure their happiness, dignity and continuing well-being, and to demonstrate to prospective dog owners what standards will be expected of them, as owners.

ISSUE 5 – 2003

Amended 20 January 2003

a. Front cover - Patron, President and Hon. Secretary’s names removed

b. Inside front cover - Committee details removed

c. PART 1 - KENNEL CLUB GENERAL CODE OF ETHICS - Updated to latest edition ISSUE 6 - 2009 Amended 22 March 2009

a. PART 1 - KENNEL CLUB GENERAL CODE OF ETHICS - Updated to latest edition.

b. Re-numbered 1 to 36

c. Para. 31 amended in line with KC policy ISSUE 7 - 2011 Amended 1 June 2011


2. Will agree without reservation that any veterinary surgeon performing an operation on any of their dogs which alters the natural conformation of the animal, or who carries out a caesarean section on a bitch may report such operation to the Kennel Club. (Addition underlined and in italics)

Rules of the Midland & West of England Great Dane Club

Rule 1: Name


Rule 2: Object

The object of the Club shall be to foster an interest in and greater understanding and knowledge of the breed for the ultimate betterment of the Breed.

Rule 3: Members

The Club shall consist of an unlimited number of members whose names and addresses shall be held on a list kept by the Membership Secretary. The Club must make a list of members and their addresses available for inspection if so requested by members of the Club or by the Kennel Club. Members who wish to receive a copy may do so on payment of a fee of £5.00 (five) on application to the Membership Secretary. The Club however holds any copyright in such list and the names and addresses contained therein may not be used for any purpose without the express written consent of the Club.

Rule 4: Admission

The election of members shall be vested in the Committee. Each candidate for admission shall be proposed and seconded by two members, one of whom MUST be a Committee Member. The Proposer and Seconder as listed on the Membership Application Form shall jointly be responsible for the eligibility of the prospective member. The correct rate of subscription must accompany each application and if payment is subsequently not honoured the membership will be revoked. The Membership Secretary shall submit proposals for membership with the names of the Proposers and Seconders to the Committee who shall decide upon their acceptance or rejection by a simple majority vote. No reason shall be given for such rejection, but a rejected candidate may reapply for election after two years. On admission to the Club a new member will receive a Rule Book and a copy of the Club's Ethical Guidelines.

Rule 5: Subscriptions

The financial year of the Club shall be from the 1st January to 31st December. The annual subscription for each member shall be such amount as determined at a General Meeting and notified to the Kennel Club; it will be listed on the current Membership Application Form. Alternatively, a Life Membership is available at the discretion of the Committee at current rates. Subscriptions are payable to the Membership Secretary on the 1st January each year. The subscription of new members joining after the 1st October shall carry through the ensuing year.

The payment of the subscription shall be distinct acknowledgement of and acquiescence to the Rules and Regulations of the Club.

If the subscription of any Member remains unpaid at the 1st April, his/her name may be removed from the List of Members and thereon ceases to be a member of the Club.

Rule 6: Officers

The Officers of the Club shall consist of a President, two Vice-Presidents, an Honorary Chairman, an Honorary Secretary and an Honorary Treasurer, all to be ex-officio members of the Committee. The Honorary Chairman, Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer will be appointed from the Committee and will have full voting rights. The President and Vice-Presidents to be appointed for a period of three years and thereafter to be negotiable.

The Honorary Chairman, Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer to be appointed by the Committee for a period of three years and be eligible for re-election.

Honorary Vice Presidents. The Committee may appoint no more than four Hon. VPs, each for a period of 3 (three) years. All shall be members who have served the Club with distinction over many years; they will have no voting rights and will attend Committee meetings only on invitation from the Hon. Sec.

Patron. The Committee may, at its discretion, appoint a Patron for a period of 3 (three) years.

Rule 7: Committee

The Committee shall consist of the following Officers Honorary Chairman, Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer plus an additional 12 (twelve) Committee Members. One third of the Committee Members shall retire annually in rotation but be eligible for reelection.

Any person who has been a member of the Club for at least two years and 1 (one) day at the time of the Annual General Meeting is eligible to serve on the Committee. A member must signify his/her willingness to serve on the Committee in writing to the Secretary not later than 31st October.

In the event of a casual vacancy the position may be filled by co-option until the date of the next AGM when the remaining term of office vacated by the resigning member will be filled by election, subject to the provisions of 7(b) above.

A Chairperson shall be nominated and elected, if necessary, by secret ballot, from members of the Committee. The Chairperson shall have two votes, one as a committee member and a casting vote in the event of a tied ballot. The Chairperson shall serve for a period of 3 (three)years and then retire but shall be eligible for nomination to the Chair if re-elected to the Committee.

No person whilst an un-discharged bankrupt may serve on the Committee or hold any other office or appointment within a KC registered society.

No person whilst serving as a Committee Member or Officer (voting or non-voting) of any other Great Dane Club may serve on the Committee or as an Officer.

Rule 8: Election of Committee - Procedure

If the combined number of Committee Members seeking re-election and the Ordinary Members seeking election exceeds the total number permitted a postal ballot of Members shall take place.

In the event that a postal ballot is required the Hon. Sec. will send to each paid up Member:

i. A voting paper

ii. An envelope in which to return the voting paper

iii. A separate form to be signed by the voter as follows:-

"I have recorded my vote on the voting paper supplied which has been sealed and sent to the Custodian Signed ..................................."

The envelope containing the voting paper and the separate signed form is to be  sent by the voter direct to a non-member Custodian who shall retain it until the AGM, when the envelopes containing the votes will be opened and the votes counted by three scrutineers who shall have been appointed by the Committee. Such counting shall take place immediately prior to the AGM at which the result shall be reported and the papers laid upon the table for inspection. The nominees with the highest number of votes shall be deemed elected. All paid up Members over the age of 18 (eighteen) years whether Family or Joint Membership are entitled to vote.

Rule 9: Management

The entire management of the Club shall be entrusted to the Committee which shall be empowered to deal with matters relating to the management of the Club not provided for in these rules. In all matters the decision of the Committee shall be final.

The Committee shall have power to delegate authority to sub-Committees consisting of one or more Committee Members and if necessary two or more Club Members. The Chairperson will appoint the Chairperson for any such sub-Committee who shall be responsible for the conduct of that sub-Committee.

All expenses properly incurred by Members of the Committee with the consent of the Committee for or on behalf of the Club shall be defrayed out of Club funds alone and no individual shall be deemed to incur any responsibility in respect of same.

There shall be a meeting of the Committee at least four times a year. Any six Members shall form a quorum. Each Member should attend at least three quarters of the meetings held or may, at the discretion of the Committee be asked to resign. Not less than 14 (fourteen) clear days previous notice in writing, together with an agenda shall be given or sent by the Hon. Secretary to all Members of the Committee.

A Banking Account shall be opened in the name of the Club into which all revenue of the Club shall be paid and from which withdrawal shall only be made on the signature of any two of three unrelated Officers, one of whom shall be the Hon. Treasurer.

The Annual Abstract of Accounts to be presented at the Annual General Meeting must be certified either by a qualified accountant or by two unqualified persons with accountancy experience. The Auditors are to be appointed at each Annual General Meeting and shall audit the Club's accounts for the ensuing year before the AGM. The Auditors may inspect all of the books and accounts of the Club giving 7 (Seven) days’ notice and these and all correspondence shall be laid before them.

The Committee shall hold shows as permitted by the Kennel Club and guarantee classes at other shows to promote the Breed, it shall also support training classes within the Club's sphere of influence.

The Committee shall cooperate with other Great Dane clubs in matters of mutual interest for the betterment of the Breed.

The Committee shall do everything possible to assist Members in broadening the understanding of breeding and management of the Breed. It will do this through the Club's website and by holding seminars and teaching events.

The Committee shall through judicious application of the Club's Judging List support the Kennel Club's Breed Standard.

The Committee shall maintain the Club's Ethical Guidelines and promote its adoption throughout the Breed.

Rule 10: Trustees

There shall be not fewer than two and not more than three Trustees of the Club appointed by the Committee from the membership of the Club. All the property and assets of the Club shall be vested in the Trustees to be dealt with by them as the Committee shall direct. The Trustees shall be indemnified against risk and expense out of the Club's assets. The Trustees shall hold office until resignation, death, retirement or removal from office by a resolution of the Committee.

Rule 11: General Meeting

A General Meeting of the Members of the Club shall be held at least once a year. Notice of the meeting shall be sent to each Member by email (for those members without email notices will be posted) at least 21 (twenty-one) days before the meeting; similar notice of the meeting shall be given in "Our Dogs". Any 10 (ten) Members shall form a quorum.

An Annual Report of the Club's activities and situation shall be given. The Annual Abstract of Accounts shall be open to the inspection of all Members.

No business shall be transacted at a General Meeting unless notice thereof appears on the agenda or which in the opinion of the Chairperson is urgent.

Any Member can submit a Motion for presentation at a General Meeting provided it is submitted to the Hon. Sec not later than 31st October.

An agenda shall be available at the meeting to all those attending if the Hon. Sec. has not already sent out the agenda prior to the meeting.

Only paid up Members shall be allowed to attend and vote and only those Members over 18 (eighteen) years and 1 (one) day old on the day of the meeting.

At any General Meeting any item put to the vote of the meeting shall be decided on a show of hands. A declaration by the Chairperson of the meeting that a motion has been carried or carried unanimously or by a majority or lost or not carried by a majority and an entry to that effect in the book containing the minutes of the proceedings of General Meetings shall be conclusive evidence of the fact without proof of the number or proportion of votes recorded in favour of or against such motion. In determining whether a motion has been carried there shall be taken into account only those Members present. Those Members present but not voting shall be excluded from such determination. Proxy votes shall not be allowed.

Rule 12: Special General Meeting

A Special General Meeting of the Members of the Club shall be called on requisition in writing to the Secretary of any 25 (twenty-five) Members of not less than 13 (thirteen) months standing, together with a fee of £20.00 (twenty) for each Member calling the Meeting, whereupon 21 (twenty-one) days’ notice in writing shall be given or sent by post by the Secretary to all Members of the Club specifying the object(s) of the Meeting to which

alone discussion shall be confined. In the event the Meeting approves the object(s) of those Members calling the Meeting then those Members will have their fees refunded.

The Committee of the Club is also empowered to call a Special General Meeting when required.

Rule 13: Reports of Meetings

No Member shall take upon him/herself to publish or cause to be published, either in part or in whole, an account of the proceedings of either a General or a Committee Meeting. Reports of the proceedings shall be furnished to the Press by the Secretary when so instructed by the Committee.

Rule 14: Officers Honorary

All Officers of the Midland and West of England Great Dane Club shall be honorary except such Officers as the Committee may from time to time decree who may, at the Committee's discretion, receive an Honorarium. No Member of the Club shall be allowed to make the Club a means of private speculation or trade, or directly or indirectly derive a money profit there from.

Rule 15: New Rules

All new Rules or alterations of existing Rules or the reversal of any former act or decision shall be made at a General Meeting and shall appear on the agenda convening the Meeting. Such amendments shall not be adopted unless they receive the sanction of at least two-thirds of the Members voting nor brought into force until the Kennel Club has been advised and given its approval of the alteration.

Rule 16: Resignation of Membership

Any Member shall be able to withdraw from the Club on giving or sending notice of his/her intention in writing to the Secretary at least one month before the expiration of the current Club year. Any Member so leaving the Club shall not be entitled to receive back any monies he/she may have paid to the Club during his/her membership or have any claim against the Club. Any property of the Club held by the resigning Member must be returned with the resignation at no cost to the Club.

Rule 17: Expulsion of Members

Any Member who shall be suspended under Kennel Club Rule A 42j(4) and/or any Member whose dog(s) is/are disqualified under K.C. Rule A 42j(8) shall ipso facto cease to be a Member of the Club for the duration of the suspension and/or disqualification.

If the conduct of any Member shall in the opinion of the Committee of the Society be injurious or likely to be injurious to the character or interests of the Society, the Committee of the Society may, at a meeting, the notice convening which meeting includes as an object the consideration of the conduct of the Member, determine that a Special General Meeting of the Society shall be called for the purpose of passing a resolution to expel him or her.

Notice of the Special General Meeting shall be sent to the accused Member giving particulars of the complaint and advising the place date and hour of the Meeting that he/she may attend and offer an explanation. If at the Meeting a resolution to expel is passed by a two thirds majority of the Members present AND voting, his/her name shall forthwith be erased from the list of Members and he/she shall thereupon cease for all purposes to be a Member of the Society except that he/she may within two calendar months from the date of such Meeting, appeal to the Kennel Club upon and subject to such condition as the Kennel Club may impose.

Rule 18: Disposal of Assets

In the event of the Club for any reason ceasing to exist, trophies shall be returned to the donors. If donors cannot be contacted, the trophies shall, if necessary to pay off debts be realised and any balance remaining be given to the Animal Health Trust Fund. The persons named as Officers and Committee of the Club shall be responsible for the proper winding up of the Club and for forwarding a final statement of accounts and a record of the disposal of the property of the Club to the Kennel Club within six months.

Rule 19: Judges Lists

The Club must produce a list of Judges each year which must be submitted to the Kennel iClub as part of the Club's annual returns. The purpose of Breed Society Judges Lists is to indicate to interested parties those persons a Breed Society would support at differing levels of judging. Membership of the Club  must not be a prerequisite for inclusion in the lists. Judge's lists will be compiled in accordance with Kennel Club directives and must indicate the date on which the list will expire. On expiry a new list must be compiled.

The method by which persons may be nominated for inclusion in the lists and the judging experience necessary will be indicated on the application form.

Rule 20: The Kennel Club

The Midland & West of England Great Dane Club acknowledges the Kennel Club as the final court of appeal in all cases of dispute in accordance with the Kennel Club Rules.

The Midland and West of England Great Dane Club shall not join any federation or society of clubs.

The officers of the M&W of EGDC acknowledge that during the month of January each year a Maintenance of Title fee will be forwarded to the Kennel Club by the Secretary for the continuance of registration and that by 31st July each year, other returns as stipulated in Kennel Club regulations for the Registration and Maintenance of Title of Societies and Breed Councils and the Affiliation of Agricultural Societies and Municipal Authorities be forwarded to the Kennel Club.

The Officers also acknowledge their duty to inform the Kennel Club of any change of Secretary of the Society which may occur during the course of the year.

The Club shall elect a representative to the Kennel Club in accordance with Kennel Club Regulations (Kennel Club Regulation April, 1920) "Nominations shall be made by the vote of members at a General Meeting of the Registered Club to be held in the first quarter of each year and shall be recorded in writing signed by the Secretary and counter-signed by the Chairperson of the meeting and be transmitted to the Secretary of the Kennel Club".

Rule 21: Trophies

The Committee in its absolute discretion withhold trophies if in its reasonable opinion it is appropriate to do so. Notwithstanding the foregoing in no circumstances will any trophy be allowed to be taken by any exhibitor who is resident outside mainland Great Britain

Terms of Reference for the Trustees

All the property and assets of the Club are to be in the custodianship of the trustees to be dealt with by them as the Committee shall direct.

The trustees shall hold office until resignation, death, retirement or removal from office by a resolution of the Committee.

Custodianship is to protect the property of the members and from time to time to review the Clubs assets and to ensure they are properly dealt with and safeguarded. Trusteeship would also imply a certain responsibility for the financial implications of the review particularly the question of overstocking and the purchase of stock that depreciates in value.

It follows from the foregoing that the appointed trustees are required to annually:-

a. check the inventory of club trophy;

b. assure themselves that the storage and insurance arrangements for the trophies are satisfactory;

c. review the stocks held of items for sale;

d. review the overall financial situation of the club;

e. make observations to the Committee.

Dated: June 1993.

Revised 2003

Rule 7 (a) Rotation of Committee over three years.

Rule 7 (f) Added.

Revised 2004

Rule 6 (a) Amended to make the Chairman an officer.

Revised 2006

Rule 21 Added.

Revised 2021

Rule 6 Clarification that The Honorary Chairman, Honorary Secretary and Honorary Treasurer are in addition to the Committee

Rule 7 Clarification of Committee numbers consist of the above 3 plus an additional 12 Committee Members

Breach of these provisions may result in expulsion from Club membership, and/or disciplinary action by the Kennel Club and/or reporting to the relevant authorities for legal action, as appropriate

• KC/GJ September 2008

All members of The Midland & West of England Great Dane Club undertake to abide by its general Code of Ethics.